A well-functioning healthcare sector provides opportunities for people to live longer, happier and in good health. Healthcare systems in modern societies are however faced with major challenges, such as an increasingly ageing population, health and social inequalities and rising healthcare expenditure, all of them at the forefront of public debate.
A key priority in this debate concerns the need to provide respectful and responsive services that enrich patients’ experience of healthcare. Patients’ experience is recognised as one of the three pillars of healthcare quality, alongside clinical effectiveness and patient safety.
It is characterised by prompt and coordinated hospital care, shared decision-making with patients, reduced waiting time in hospital and timely access to services. There is a growing research appetite to better understand key factors influencing the quality of care that patients receive.
One way to improve patients’ experience is to provide managerial support to healthcare workers and encourage their positive attitudes at work. Managerial support can take many different forms, including effective communication between workers and managers, involving workers in important decisions, giving workers clear feedback on their performance and helping them with difficult tasks.
The support may originate from an immediate manager or a supervisor who directly oversees staff responsibilities, as well as a more senior manager involved in making policy decisions that affect the organisation as a whole. Notwithstanding the source of managerial support, the goal is to motivate workers and encourage optimal levels of performance.
I undertook a study to demonstrate how perceived support from supervisors and senior managers can inspire positive attitudes among healthcare workers, and consequently improve the quality of services offered to patients.
I focused on three types of attitude, including psychological engagement, job involvement and staff advocacy, which characterise an engaged worker and play a fundamental role in improving the quality of services that patients receive. I examined data from 67,503 staff of about 150 National Health Service Trusts (NHS) in England, linked with data from 69,347 patients who had received treatment in those NHS trusts.
The results, presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management in August 2018, showed clearly that support from supervisors and senior managers can improve workers’ psychological engagement, their sense of job involvement and their willingness to act as advocates of organisational reputation.
Specifically, workers experiencing managerial support were generally more dedicated, energetic, and able to make improvements happen in their work area. Such workers felt valued and cared for, and consequently, more excited about recommending the organisation as a good place to work or a place where patients can receive quality treatment.
My study, therefore, establishes managerial support as a fundamental tool for promoting the right attitudes among workers. When workers have the right attitudes, they undertake take pride in doing good work and strive to deliver the quality of care that makes a difference to patients.
The results provide useful guidance on how managerial support practices can be deployed when aiming to strike a balance between staff performance and patients’ experience of quality care.
The study has shown particularly that a supportive relationship with immediate and senior managers can go a long way towards ensuring that workers put in their best effort on the job. Creating a supportive culture in the work environment is therefore imperative to ensure the ongoing success of an organisation.
As part of the organisational goals, healthcare leaders should pay closer attention to support practices that foster workers’ skills, personal growth and development.
This will cultivate an environment in which workers feel valued, cared for and adequately respected. In organisations where supportive practices are already in place, more effort is needed to further develop and sustain such practices.
Research results available here
Chidiebere Ogbonnaya is senior lecturer in Organisational Behaviour/Human Resource Management at the Business School, University of Sussex